Temporomandibular joints are the two joints that join your lower jaw to your skull. These joints are located in front of the ear on both sides, comprising temporal bone and mandible. The TMJs are one of the most sophisticated joints in the human body. These joints allow your jaw to move up, down, and sideways.
If the TMJs are well synchronized, smooth muscle operations are flawless. You conduct activities such as chewing, yawning, talking, and swallowing effortlessly. However, if they are misaligned, several problems pop up. The joints misalign because of temporomandibular disorder.
Temporomandibular disorders are conditions of the TMJ, jaw muscles, and nerves that cause chronic facial pain. Problems that distract the normal functioning of the muscles, joints, and bones result in TMD.
Although there are various types of TMD, you can have more than one condition at a time.
1. Myofascial pain
It’s the most popular form of TMD. It occurs due to pain in the fascia and the muscles that control the jaw, neck, and shoulders.
2. Internal derangement of the joint
This is a result of a displaced disk or dislocated jaw. It also occurs due to an injury to the condyle (the rounded end of the jawbone).
3. Degenerative joint disease
This disorder happens when rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis.
The real cause of this disorder is unknown. Some activities are linked with TMD. Extreme strain on the jaw joints and the muscles that control speech, swallowing, and chewing are associated with TMD. Such tension may result from bruxism, a condition where a patient’s teeth grind and clench involuntarily.
Also, trauma on the neck, head, or jaw may cause TMD. Other conditions that may cause TMD comprise of arthritis and displacement of the jaw joint disks.
In some cases, other painful medical conditions often override TMD pain. Such conditions include irritable bowel syndrome and fibromyalgia. A recent study concludes that certain factors increase the risk of developing chronic TMD. Such factors include genetic, nervous, psychological, sensory, and clinical aspects.
TMD has many signs and symptoms, some of which resemble symptoms of other medical conditions. It’s advisable to visit a doctor to determine a proper diagnosis. The signs and symptoms include:
If you identify the above symptoms, you should visit a dental practice that offers TMJ dental services to conduct a diagnosis. The dentist determines the type of treatment based on several factors. The factors include:
Treating TMD often involves various methods. Treatment options may include home care, medication, or a nightguard. The treatment approach will vary from person to person. The dentist may combine several options depending on your condition. Most common TMJ dental treatment services include:
Alternative treatment options do not address the causes of TMD. They provide instant relief only. These options include:
Treatment alleviates chronic pain, headaches and earaches associated with TMD. Treatment also allows reduces the risk for dental damage and enhances your overall health.
To receive excellent dental treatment, always visit reputable dental clinics. If you want to access TMJ dentist in Wellesley, MA visit Wellesley Dental Arts . Your case will be handled by a team of skilled dentists.